Because prostate enlargement occurs naturally with advancing age, and because there are no known controllable risk factors, there are no guidelines for prevention. However, some research shows that factors like a healthy diet, regular exercise, and not smoking may help.
McClure MW. An overview of holistic medicine and complementary and alternative medicine for the prevention and treatment of BPH, prostatitis, and prostate cancer.
World J Urol. (2002) 20: 273-284.
National Kidney Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
website. Available at:
Prostate Cancer Research Institute website. Available at:
Last reviewed September 2014 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
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