Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Anything that causes irritation, inflammation, fluid retention, or an abnormal growth in or around the carpal tunnel can cause carpal tunnel syndrome, including:
- Repetitive movements of the hands, wrists, or fingers—especially overactive use of a computer keyboard, certain musical instruments, or hand tools
- Use of vibrating equipment or tools
- A narrow carpal tunnel (due to heredity or other causes)
- Broken bones
- Compression or crush injuries
leading to swelling within the carpal tunnel
- Raynaud's disease, which impairs blood flow in the hands
Water retention due to:
Hormone-related conditions, such as:
Medications, such as:
- Birth control pills
- Cortisone pills or shots
- Some high blood pressure drugs
- Tumors and cysts in the carpal tunnel
Carpal tunnel syndrome: a practical review.
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Patijn J, Vallejo R, Janssen M, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome.
Pain Pract. 2011;11(3):297-301.
Last reviewed September 2014 by Teresa Briedwell, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS
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