A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop gout with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing gout. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
High levels of uric acid in the blood is the main risk factor for gout.
Gout is more common in men over 30 years old, an usually doesn't usually affect women until after menopause. The risk for gout is increased if other family members have gout.
Other factors that may increase your chance of gout include:
Lifestyle factors that increase the risk of gout include:
- Obesity—poor eating habits can lead to an increase of uric acid in the blood
Eating a diet high in foods with purines, such as seafood, shellfish, or red meat
- Excess intake of alcohol
- Drinking high-fructose beverages, such as sugar-sweetened sodas and orange juice
Serious illness, such as a
stroke, can trigger a gout attack. Other illnesses that may increase the risk for developing gout include:
- High blood pressure
- Vascular diseases that affect blood vessels
- Kidney disease
- Thyroid disorders
- Organ transplantation
Medications and vitamins that may increase the risk of gout include:
- Diuretics—often used to treat hypertension
- Salicylates and medications made from salicylic acid, such as
Levodopa—used in the treatment of
- Cyclosporine—used to help control rejection of transplanted organs
Gout. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at:
http://www.rheumatology.org/Practice/Clinical/Patients/Diseases_And_Conditions/Gout. Updated September 2012. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Gout/gout_ff.asp. Updated July 2010. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Pittman JR, Bross MH. Diagnosis and management of gout. Am Fam Physician. 1999;59(7):1799-1806.
Last reviewed May 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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