There is no cure for gout, but most symptoms and attacks can be managed with a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. The earlier gout is detected and treated, the better it can be controlled.
The goals of treatment for gout include:
- Managing symptoms of an acute attack
- Decreasing the risk of recurrence by managing uric acid levels
- Preventing complications, such as joint or kidney damage, which can occur with recurrent attacks
Treatment options can vary by individual. Working with a healthcare team is important to help find the treatments that works best for each person.
Treatment may include the following:
ACR publishes guidelines for pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment of gout. Am Fam Physician. 2013;88(6):408-412.
Gout. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at:
http://www.rheumatology.org/Practice/Clinical/Patients/Diseases_And_Conditions/Gout. Updated September 2012. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Gout/gout_ff.asp. Updated July 2010. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout—treatment of acute attack. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 13, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout—prevention of recurrent attacks. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 3, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout testing. American Association for Clinical Chemistry Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/gout/start/1. Updated June 25, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Pittman JR, Bross MH. Diagnosis and management of gout. Am Fam Physician. 1999;59(7):1799-1806.
Last reviewed May 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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