There are no current guidelines for the prevention of systemic lupus erythematosus because the cause is unknown. The only known risk factors are things that can't be modified, such as gender, age,
family history, and ethnic background.
Lupus. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Lupus/default.asp. Updated May 2013. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 24, 2014. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The Merck Manual Professional Edition website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal_and_connective_tissue_disorders/autoimmune_rheumatic_disorders/systemic_lupus_erythematosus_sle.html. Updated October 2013. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Treating lupus. Lupus Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.lupus.org/answers/topic/treating-lupus. Updated December 29, 2014.
Last reviewed May 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
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