in women include:
- One year of attempting pregnancy without success.
- Irregular menstrual cycles—This symptom may or may not be associated with infertility. Some women with this condition will conceive without difficulty.
- Pain with sexual intercourse—This symptom may or may not be associated with infertility. Some women with this condition will conceive without difficulty. Painful intercourse has a long list of etiologies; most have nothing to do with infertility.
- Inability to conceive after unprotected sexual intercourse.
- Recurrent miscarriage.
Fritz MC, Speroff L.
Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinolgy and Infertility. Section IV: Infertility. 8th ed. New York, NY: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 2011.
Last reviewed December 2013 by Andrea Chisholm, MD
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